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TOPIC: Amendment of Articles of Incorporations and Bylaws

Amendment of Articles of Incorporations and Bylaws 6 years 4 months ago #5005

I would like to inquire about our small church, a nonstock, nonprofit corporation. The incorporators in the articles of incorporation and bylaws are all deceased.

Q1. Do we need to amend the articles of incorporation and bylaws?

Also, we don't have officers because the previous officers are all deceased as well.

Q2. What do we need to do to appoint and elect our current officers? Since we are required to have President, CEO, Treasurer, etc. when filing our annual financial statements in BIR and SEC.

Note: We have Board of directors per our General information sheet submitted to BIR for the past two years, and we have our 2011 and 2012 filed financial statements with BIR and SEC.
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Amendment of Articles of Incorporations and Bylaws 6 years 4 months ago #5034

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Yes. Follow these steps under the Corporation Code of the Philippines:

Sec. 26. x x x Should a director, trustee or officer die, resign or in any manner cease to
hold office, his heirs in case of his death, the secretary, or any other officer of the
corporation, or the director, trustee or officer himself, shall immediately report such fact
to the Securities and Exchange Commission.

Sec. 24.
Election of directors or trustees.
- At all elections of directors or trustees, there must be present, either in person or by representative authorized to act by written proxy, the owners of a majority of the outstanding capital stock, or if there be no capital stock, a majority of the members entitled to vote. The election must be by ballot if requested by any voting stockholder or member. In stock corporations, every stockholder entitled to vote shall have the right to vote in person or by proxy the number of shares of stock standing, at the time fixed in the by-laws, in his own name on the stock books of the
corporation, or where the by-laws are silent, at the time of the election; and said stockholder may vote such number of shares for as many persons as there are directors to be elected or he may cumulate said shares and give one candidate as many votes as the number of directors to be elected multiplied by the number of his shares shall equal, or he may distribute them on the same principle among as many candidates as he shall see fit:

Provided, That the total number of votes cast by him shall not exceed the number of shares owned by him as shown in the books of the corporation multiplied by the whole number of directors to be elected: Provided, however, That no delinquent stock shall be voted. Unless otherwise provided in the articles of incorporation or in the by-laws, members of corporations which have no capital stock may cast as many votes as there are trustees to be elected but may not cast more than one vote for one candidate. Candidates receiving the highest number of votes shall be declared elected. Any meeting of the stockholders or members called for an election may adjourn from day to day or from time to time but not sine die or indefinitely if, for any reason, no election is held, or if there not present or represented by proxy, at the meeting, the owners of a majority of the outstanding capital stock, or if there be no capital stock, a majority of the member entitled to vote.

Sec. 25.
Corporate officers, quorum.
- Immediately after their election, the directors of a corporation must formally organize by the election of a president, who shall be a director, a treasurer who may or may not be a director, a secretary who shall be a resident and citizen of the Philippines, and such other officers as may be provided for in the by-laws.

Any two (2) or more positions may be held concurrently by the same person, except that no one shall act as president and secretary or as president and treasurer at the same time. The directors or trustees and officers to be elected shall perform the duties enjoined on them by law and the by-laws of the corporation. Unless the articles of incorporation or the by-laws provide for a greater majority, a majority of the number of directors or trustees as fixed in the articles of incorporation shall constitute a quorum for the transaction of corporate business, and every decision of at least a majority of the directors or trustees present at a meeting at which there is a quorum shall be valid as a corporate act, except for the election of officers which shall require the vote of a majority of all the members of the board.

Directors or trustees cannot attend or vote by proxy at board meetings.
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